Are you a person with ADHD? Do you suffer from symptoms similar to those of ADHD? Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological disorder that presents with varying degrees of inattention, disorganization, hyperactivity, or impulsivity. Deficits in brain processes cause ADHD to affect different aspects such as functioning in school, social interactions and occupations (work). Approximately 7% of children and 2.5% of adults are diagnosed with ADHD.
Many seem to believe that ADHD is the result of laziness, too much candy, a lack of willpower or bad parenting. This is false. As mentioned, ADHD is a neurological disorder, which means that the nervous system is affected, and has been since childhood. Although research and scientists have not yet determined the exact cause of ADHD, there is evidence of anatomical differences in the brain of these individuals. Specifically, they tend to lack dopamine, more particularly norepinephrine.
Though medication is often the recommended treatment for ADHD, therapy can be very helpful to soothe symptoms related to social stresses and other associated struggles. A cognitive-behavioural approach (CBT) can help people with ADHD better understand their thought patterns in order to modify their behaviours and experience success despite their diagnosis. Although CBT does not address the core symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, it does aim to improve the difficulties the individual faces on a day-to-day basis (e.g., managing time, distractions, procrastination, etc.) by helping the individual to develop coping strategies. One of the benefits of CBT is that, compared to medication, it helps the individual learn new skills that promote long-term change.